Welcome to School Academy Model United Nations 2017

13.04.17 - 14.04.17

The World Drug Problem in Latin America

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

President's Welcome

Distinguished delegates,

The President of the Economic and Social council welcomes you. The School Academy Model United Nations is declared to be opened.

Model United Nations is a universal platform where everything can happen. It is a place where you can literally change the world. I hope that you, the person who is reading this, do believe that we have things to change in our lives and attitudes. We operate in a fluid global environment and we need you, a know-it-all-and-ready-to-act person, a dreamer that no one can stop.

This year’s ECOSOC agenda is focused on The WORLD TRAFFICKING PROBLEM IN LATIN AMERICA. I believe that we will be constructive enough to solve this problem. I will try to do my best to make our session interesting and hot. If you have any questions, you are always welcomed.

Sincerely,

President of the ECOSOC,

Lakshina Sofia


Vice-President's Welcome

Honorable Delegates,

The Vice-President and Secretary of the Economic and Social Council congratulates you on participating in our model. During our fascinating session I will be you personal helper and assistant. It will be a great honor to work with such delegates.

Be ready to work hard, see you soon

Sincerely,

Vice-President of the ECOSOC,

Kulikova Viktoria


Special Guest

Wiktor Bregier

Student of High School of Economy, participant of 15 UN models, who came from Poland.

Delegates

Tubyshkina Polina

the United Kingdom

Pavlenko Polina

Mexico

Karalyunets Kirill

Germany

Novikov Vasily

Netherlands

Muravinsky Anton

Canada

Terentev Maksim

Argentina

Ryabova Alisa

Cuba

Mitrofanov Vasily

Colombia

Khagush Artemy

France

Mikhalev Denis

Australia

Kulikov Artem

Pakistan

Koltovsky Aleksey

Brazil

Zuryanova Sofia

United Arab Emirates

Maslak Konstantin

Italy

Yakovlev Vladislav

Panama

Chernykh Nikita

USA

Burenin Aleksandr

China

Report of the Expert

The Issue of the World Drug Problem in Latin America

Introduction

Nowadays the illicit drug production and trafficking originating in Latin America have a great influence on the world drug problem. Latin America is a cultural and historical community of the South and Central American countries in the Western hemisphere mainly speaking Spanish, Portuguese and English (the Caribbean).

Despite the traditional aspect in some countries of Latin America this problem has become a major threat to democratic institutions and socio-economic development and may cause a threat to the regional security.

So the problem of drug trafficking needless to say is the crucial issue in the scope of this region.

In today’s world where the process of globalization touches all the spheres and all the countries the main thing is to find the ways for cooperation and integration in the framework of the region. Drug trafficking is an obstacle to upgrading of social welfare and health care systems.

Every year the governments of Latin America ́s countries spend about US $3 billion to address drug abuse and trafficking at national and regional levels. But United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNDOC) is a parther in this issues and also allocate funds for these aims.

The main task is to work out a strategy for its implementing on practice in the region. Moreover, the issue of drug production, its ways of transporting and also the steps accepted by the international community namely the ECOSOC and the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) will be touched upon.

Vocabulary

  1. Bracero - a Mexican laborer admitted legally into the U.S. for a short period to perform seasonal, usually agricultural, labor.
  2. Cocoleros – coca growers in Bolivia mainly in the Chapare region
  3. “Plan Colombia” – the name of the US initiative which was adopted between 1998-1999 by the administrations of Colombian president Andres Pastrana and US President Bill Clinton with the aim of destroying drug-cartels in Colombia and creating an anti-drug strategy
  4. The Medellin Cartel – a drug cartel in the northwest of Colombia, around an important industrial centre Medellin which in the 1980s became known as the centre of the illegal trade in the drug cocaine
  5. The Cali Cartel - a drug cartel based in southern Colombia, around the city of Cali and the Valle del Cauca Department.
  6. Cartel – a group of people or companies who agree to sell something at a particular price in order to prevent competition and increase profits.
  7. UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) - a United Nations agency that was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division in the United Nations
  8. UNGASS 2016 – A special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the world drug problem which was held in April, 2016 and became an important milestone in achieving the goals set in the policy document of 2009 "Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem"
  9. CICAD (Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission) – an agency of Organization of American States (OAS) which was created by General Assembly. It was aimed at combating drug trafficking in American continent.
  10. Cocaine empire – a common name of the Andean triangle countries including Colombia, Peru and Bolivia which specialize at producing coca.

Historical background

The problem of drug trafficking is a relatively new phenomenon that appeared in the late twentieth century. In the United States during the decade of the 1960's and 1970's the use of drugs became popularized among the youth and countercultures that sparked repercussion in other parts of the American continent. Poor and rural communities in Latin American and Caribbean countries started to see the chance of exporting marijuana to the United States as the revenues of trafficking were very high in combination with the lack of employment in their home nations. When the American government agencies started to put pressure on several countries to diminish the influx of marijuana in to their nation, as well as changing tastes in the use of drugs, these small communities in Latin America had to find other ways of keeping their revenues coming by shifting to a better export: cocaine.

Speech example

Honorable Delegates,

Let journalism become powerful. This is the theme in this turning point era, when the states are shaping a new global sustainable development agenda. Quality journalism allows citizens to be informed about their society’s development and to check injustice, corruption and the abuse of power.

In recent years, there has been evidence of attacks against the safety of journalists and media workers by threats of prosecution, arrest and failures to investigate and prosecute crimes against them.

The safety of journalists and the struggle against impunity for their killers are essential to preserve the fundamental right to freedom of expression, guaranteed by Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Freedom of expression is an individual right, for which no one should be killed.

OUR AIM is to Work toward the creation of a free and safe environment for journalists and media workers in both conflict and non-conflict situations.

We have some exactly motions:

  • To establish a coordinated inter-agency mechanism for follow-up and evaluating matters of concern on the issue of the safety of journalists
  • To Work toward strengthening the office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • To Reinforce collaboration between UN agencies and other intergovernmental organizations, at both international and regional levels

These actions could help to redouble efforts to enhance the safety of journalists. We are ready to work with every country on the draft resolution, which will contain the basic principals of the freedom of press.

Thank you for your attention.